Flow Data Information System

2001 Census: Special Workplace Statistics (Level 3)

Contains journey-to-work flows within and between output areas in England and Wales. Note: OA-level workplace data have not been produced for residences in Northern Ireland. The Special Travel Statistics (STS) contain journey-to-work information for residences in Scotland.

Users can choose from 36 counts in 1 table. This set of 36 counts includes a number of totals and sub-totals; the number of interior cells which form the basis of these sub-totals is 22.

All the 2001 SWS data have been derived from the 100% sample and include imputed households. Where workplace locations were unknown, these were also imputed.

Disclosure control

Data associated with residences in England and Wales (i.e. all of this dataset) have been modifed via a process known as Small Cell Adjustment Methodology (SCAM). The SCAM process is a disclosure control mechanism. For all tables process using SCAM, interior cells with a 'small' value have been adjusted. 'Small' values are understood to be in the range 0-3. Cells with an initial value of 1 have been rounded to either 0 or 3, with 0 being the more likely result. Cells with an initial value of 3 have also been rounded to either 0 or 3, but with 3 being the more likely result. Cells with initial values of either 0 or 3 have retained these values although in each case it is impossible to distinguish between rounded values and 'genuine' 0s or 3s. All sub-totals and totals have been re-calculated from the rounded cells.

There are three noticeable effects of SCAM

  1. Within-table modification. For the majority of outputs, it will be apparent that a large proportion of cells within any table are either 0 or 3, and that sub-totals and totals within the table are multiples of 3.
  2. Between-table variation. SWS Levels 1 and 2 contain several output tables, with the result that a number of values (e.g. 'total migrants') can be found in more than one table. Due to SCAM, these values may not be consistent between tables.
  3. Between-level variation. The three spatial levels for which the SWS are available were independently subject to SCAM. Thus, if a particular value (e.g. 'total migrants') is calculated by aggregating from one spatial level to a higher one, and compared to the value found in the SWS data set for that higher level, those values are unlikely to be consistent.

Users are advised to ensure that data they use has been calculated by summing the minimum number of base values.

Citation information

The following statements should be attached to all output produced using this data set

Data from this set should be cited in a bibliography as:

Office for National Statistics, 2001 Census: Special Workplace Statistics (Level 3) [computer file], UK Data Service

Further information

The following pre-defined totals are available from this data set:

There are 1 tables defined for this data set:

The data are available for the following geographies:

Geographies of origin areasGeographies of destination areas
Supported directly
[i]UK Output Areas 2001
[i]UK interaction data wards 2001
[i]UK interaction data districts 2001
[i]CIDS 1991/2001 common geography - 'districts'
[i]CIDS 1991/2001 common geography - 'intermediate'
[i]CIDS 1991/2001 common geography - '100 zones'
[i]CIDS 1991/2001 common geography - 'city regions'
[i]UK Lower Layer Super Output Areas (LSOA) 2001
[i]UK Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOA) 2001
[i]2001OA Classification - Supergroup
[i]2001OA Classification - Group
[i]2001OA Classification - Subgroup
[i]UK Output Areas 2001
[i]2001 STS / SWS other destination categories
[i]UK interaction data wards 2001
[i]UK interaction data districts 2001
[i]CIDS 1991/2001 common geography - 'districts'
[i]CIDS 1991/2001 common geography - 'intermediate'
[i]CIDS 1991/2001 common geography - '100 zones'
[i]CIDS 1991/2001 common geography - 'city regions'
[i]UK Lower Layer Super Output Areas (LSOA) 2001
[i]UK Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOA) 2001
[i]2001OA Classification - Supergroup
[i]2001OA Classification - Group
[i]2001OA Classification - Subgroup
Supported via aggregation
[i]UK Government Office Regions (1999-)
[i]UK Standard Table Wards 2001
[i]United Kingdom - member countries
[i]Great Britain and Northern Ireland
[i]2004 ONS Rural and Urban Area Classification, 2001 CAS Wards
[i]2001 ONS ST Ward Classification Supergroup
[i]2001 ONS ST Ward Classification Group
[i]2001 ONS ST Ward Classification Subgroup
[i]2001 ONS ST Ward Demographic Indicator Deciles
[i]NUTS 2 UK Regions
[i]United Kingdom
[i]2001 CIDER Migration Classification
[i]2001 GB Districts plus Northern Ireland
[i]Great Britain Districts (plus Northern Ireland) 2009-
[i]Travel To Work Areas (TTWAs) 2001
[i]UK Government Office Regions (1999-)
[i]UK Standard Table Wards 2001
[i]United Kingdom - member countries
[i]Great Britain and Northern Ireland
[i]2004 ONS Rural and Urban Area Classification, 2001 CAS Wards
[i]2001 ONS ST Ward Classification Supergroup
[i]2001 ONS ST Ward Classification Group
[i]2001 ONS ST Ward Classification Subgroup
[i]2001 ONS ST Ward Demographic Indicator Deciles
[i]NUTS 2 UK Regions
[i]United Kingdom
[i]2001 CIDER Migration Classification
[i]2001 GB Districts plus Northern Ireland
[i]Great Britain Districts (plus Northern Ireland) 2009-
[i]Travel To Work Areas (TTWAs) 2001

Output for geographies that are only supported via aggregation will take longer than for those supported directly

Table frameworks


Table 1: Method of travel to work
All persons Aged 16-74 in employment
Full-time student Not full-time student
Total 1 2 3
 
Works or studies mainly at or from home 4 5 6
Underground etc. 7 8 9
Train 10 11 12
Bus etc. 13 14 15
Taxi 16 17 18
Car - driver 19 20 21
Car - passenger 22 23 24
Motorcycle etc. 25 26 27
Bicycle 28 29 30
On foot 31 32 33
Other 34 35 36